DIY HP/Agilent 53131A 010 High Stability Timebase Option

Having obtained a reasonably reliable 10MHz lab reference (see here) I decided to calibrate my Frequency Counter only to find that the stock oscillator provided in the HP 53151A is absolutely terrible – a joke even! I looked around for an “010 High Stability Timebase Option” but they are rare — and if you can find one not installed in a counter they are very expensive – in the few hundred dollars range at least — and buying one from HP is, well, expensive in the extreme. There are many second-hand 10MHz OCXO modules available, these are mostly stripped from old telecommunications, satellite or cellular equipment so they are plentiful and relatively cheap to buy too. I decided to make a clone 010 option board for my counter using a second-hand OCXO bought from e-bay. I designed a PCB to get a professional finish as well as a reliable upgrade for my counter. The main goal was to make an option board that just like the original could be automatically calibrated using the internal software and front panel controls so I had to use the same DAC chip (which is now obsolete) and basic topology of the original option board to make it work.

The result speaks for its self – with the OCXO running as the timebase, the counter is able to measure the 10MHz source it was calibrated with to a precision of 100th of one cycle with no error!

The schematic is pretty simple and self-explainatory. The counter seems to need a differential square wave clock drive, this is created using a high-speed differential output comparator part LM361. The DAC is an AD7243 part from Analog Devices, this part is now obsolete and not recommended for new designs but they are still available from various sources, albeit quite expensive parts. It would have been possible to design in a newer part but for the small number of units I wanted to make, it seemed a bit pointless to go to the effort as the recommended newer part actually requires different serial signalling, and this would have required some kind of serial protocol converter micro controller. The DAC is driven by the counters microprocessor to calibrate and tune the timebase. The ADR4550 provides a high stability 5V reference for the ADC. The rest of the circuitry is basically power supply and signal filtering.

The PCB layout was designed to accommodate different OCXO footprints making it flexible. As well as supporting OCXO’s there are footprints for SMA connectors and you can even use a low-cost TCXO which cannot be automatically calibrated but is still a considerably better option than the oscillator built into the counter.

PCB’s Available : See here

The finished board fits really neatly inside the counter, and even fits around my previous Hard Power Switch Modification project.

Various Pictures

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Catch you next time….

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70 thoughts on “DIY HP/Agilent 53131A 010 High Stability Timebase Option

  1. Gerry – Really nice job.
    Yes crystals are affected by G , I think it’s mechanical.
    You can purchase crystals which are more tolerant of this effect ( for more money of course ).
    Of course you wouldn’t normally notice this effect – but because you now have such stable frequency sources you can start to see these things.

    So – you said you wouldn’t get the timenuts bug ? Care to rethink that :-)

    • Andy,

      Haha, well I think I probably have enough time-domain accuracy now, I am not going to take it any further. The RFS is absolutely great, warms up in a couple of minutes and ready to use. The OCXO in the counter is really excellent, gets basically up to operating temperature in about 15 minutes, 60 minutes and its rock solid stable. Finally the HP counter delivers what it should have done from day one!

      I just built and tested your board, works really nicely, I made a short vid, will send you the link

      Gerry

  2. Pingback: Making a HP Frequency Counter More Accurate

  3. Gerry,

    Thanks for sharing this project. I have a 181a (that I just received) and love to see this video and info.
    I really appreciate If you cold sell this pcb. Please let me know!

    Kind Regards

  4. Hi Gerry,

    That’s a great project, thanks for sharing it.

    If you do get some PCBs made I’d certainly be interested in four blank boards.

    Nigel, GM8PZR

  5. Who is interested making in the Option PCB 010 and 030?
    You could make more of the PCB …
    The cost on ebay is high, the option 030 on ebay cost more than 200 pounds (I think that the cost of making PCB do not exceed 50 pounds)
    Option 010 on eBay in general is not available.
    I suggest asking questions on email.
    Marcin

  6. Hi Gerry,

    Love your videos, please keep up the great work! I’ve got a second hand 53132A, which I assume uses the same ocxo board. If compatible I’d sure love to buy one of your PCBs or complete boards if you decide to sell a few!

    Take good care by friend.

  7. I’m interested as well. I was going to build my own (have the dac) but if you’re making up some boards I’d be interested depending on the price.

      • Hi Gerry.
        I have an Agilent 53131 and have made a 3Ghz ch3 scaler loosely based on your vid. many thanks for the idea. Works better than expected, goes up to about 4.1Ghz. I am now looking at the idea of putting a Hittite 10Ghz div by 2 in front of the mc12079 (in div 64 mode) to get a 6-7Ghz scaler. I have done some tests to see if the 53131 input will handle the 54Mhz scaler output and at least mine is OK up to about 59Mhz. Have laid out a PCB and ordered the hmc361, will let you know how it goes. I would like to buy one of your OCXO boards if you get some made soon.
        Many thanks for your very interesting vids.
        John (G8BXH)

        • Hi John,

          Thanks for the feedback. That sounds like a nice expansion on the theme. Agilent make a 12Ghz option, and if I am not mistaken a 24Ghz option too. Not sure how you tell the firmware which option is which but I know its possible. Problem is I have nothing that generates signals at those frequencies and no need to work with the same so going beyond the 3Ghz option for me would probably not be so useful. Will let you know about the boards once I have them.

          Gerry

          • I did see mention from someone else that the 12Ghz option performs divide by 512.
            So – best to ensure you do a test before ordering the Hittite.
            Gerry – perhaps an addition to the 3Ghz option would be configurable ID pins.

            Also – just be aware that the 53131 has an onboard link to supply 5V to the 3Ghz option board ( not installed on my unit ). But if the link *is* installed – and you built the 3Ghz option according to the HP schematics – you would short the counter 5V. I do wonder if the 5V link is installed when you order the counter with the factory 12Ghz option.

          • Hi Andy,

            When I installed the 3Ghz option into my counter I did not mess with any links. Which link is it? I will take a look. As for the 12Ghz I presume the layout would be different, I presume its not just a case of different MMIC’s and prescaller IC?

            Gerry

          • The prescaler option boards tie certain ID pins high or low to indicate which option is installed. So – the identity is determined by the installed board ( logical ) – what I’m suggesting is that if you made the prescaler board have an adjustable personality – you could add an outboard higher frequency prescaler ( to extend the range to 12Ghz or 24Ghz ). I don’t think it’s advisable going beyond 3Ghz with plain old FR4 pcbs. At 12Ghz you definately need specialist pcb material ( and that’s outside of the production capabilities of most cheap PCB production facilities ). So – unless you wish to make your 3Ghz board out of the higher spec PCB material – then it seems that it’s better to have the 12Ghz part on another board – or even external. ( For example look at Rogers RO4000/RO4350 laminates ).

          • Hi Andy,

            Oh ok, I see what you are saying now, that makes sense. I will look into the ID pins and see what might be feasible – not sure how easy it would be to make this settable from outside the unit without which it would not be so workable. Food for thought.

            Gerry

  8. I would also be interested in one of these boards, depending on cost.

    In any case thank you for your excellent video! You have a great blog and all of your videos are well done and helpful.

  9. G’day Gerry,
    I just bought (Ebay) a 53132A counter which has a no-name time base. So, I’m eager to build a better ovenized time base and wonder if you have made any decision about offering boards/special parts/kits etc? I have a number of OCXO units (MTI/Navcom/Morion/Oscilloquartz, etc) but would especially love to get a board and/or the AD7243AR, ADR4550 and the connector cable socket. It would be worth a “premium” cost to me to get these items from you as it makes possible something which is not otherwise practical for me (and you should get some sort of legitimate return on your design and parts acquisition time and effort). Hope all is well down under. 73, Jim Robbins, N1JR

    • Hi Jim,

      I have had some boards made, I am just waiting for them to arrive and of course have to test them. As soon as I have them I will make a follow-up video and put out some documentation. Not sure if I can supply other parts too easily, I do have about 50 sets of components needed to make a board but I have not yet worked out what they cost me, I will do that once I have verified the boards and tested some.

      Gerry

  10. Gerry, I am interested in two sets of the time base and prescaler pcbs. Great videos I like your approach to solving problems. Thanks, Glenn

  11. Hi Gerry,

    I’m interested in one OCXO PCB and/or kit (especially the kit).

    I love your videos and hands-on technique. I’ve learned a lot from you. Thanks for all of the enlightenment.

    Jon

    • Thanks Jon, I am expecting the boards back from the fab house next week, once I have done some testing I will put a video out. Thank you for the feedback on the video’s, much appreciated. Gerry

    • Yes I will be selling the PCB’s and possibly some fully built and ready to install modules – I have some on order, I am expecting them any time now. I need to build a couple up and validate the design before I make them available though. Gerry

      • G’day Gerry,
        I would be very interested in 2 PCB’s with SM parts installed (preferably) or without surface mounted parts. I have several OCXO’s which will work fine on such a board. Will the 53132A counters already have the multi-wire ribbon cable or is that something which I will need to obtain separately? Thanks a lot for your fine work here. A really useful winner! 73, Jim Robbins, N1JR

        • Hi Jim, I should have enough parts to build about 50 of these boards including OCXO’s and ribbon cable connectors. I have no idea what they will cost, I have not yet costed them. I will also have 50 bare boards which I will make available for sale, assuming they work of course – I have not received them yet, just got a text today, they are hold up in Heathrow so should be early next week. I will post a short video once I have tested and worked out costs. Gerry

  12. I have one question …
    Does anyone have schematics options 050 124?
    050 – 5 GHz
    124 – 12.4 GHz?
    It was interesting to perform the last option

    • Hi Marcin, I do not have these schematics, would be nice to see, I suspect there is not too much difference, just a different pre-scaler chip and some higher rated MMC’s. Its not something I could even tackle as I don’t have anything that can generate those frequencies :( Gerry

  13. I think so too
    If I get guidance – specifications J2 connector, I just can undertake the design of such a module.
    It will not be easy (availability of items) but you can take a chance?

  14. otherwise (mistakenly started from the end of the problem ( connected divider to HP) …
    I look for the time being, if there are items that can be used to build such a divider.
    Unfortunately, the items on the high frequencies are difficult to access.
    Retrieving items to 5-6 GHz still possible, but above this frequency is already a problem …

  15. I reviewed several companies: Hittite, avago, agilnet.
    Dividers are available (up to 12 – 18 GHz)
    Probleme are broadband amplifiers, practically no amplifiers to work linearly from 200 MHz to 12 GHz.
    Agilent would presumably ordered a hybrid (or he has done)

    Exp
    divider HMC363 (/8) DC-12 GHz
    HMMC-3108 /8 (DC-16 GHz)
    Amp
    Avago VMMK-2503 ?

    • Hi Marcin,

      The prescaller looks like it would do, you would feed the output of that into another one to get the right scale. Not sure about the amps, working at 12GHz is well beyond my capability and understanding! Gerry

  16. I know the topic is difficult :)
    But maybe someone will, and tell something :)
    But probably try to make this divider based on the HMC363, and VMMK-2503
    HMC363 these integrated circuits have
    VMMK are in stock at Farnell
    no risk no fun :)

  17. I have a small (tiny) issue
    As we need a divider by128, I used HMC363 chip that gives the division by 8, the need to divide 16 The offer is quite poor.
    I only found it NB6L239MNG.
    Does anyone know any different?
    needs
    min max frequency of 2.5 GHz
    division by 16
    You can use the two systems but want to limit the number of items.

  18. G’day Gerry,

    Just wondering if there is any update on the High Stability TB kits/PCBs for the HP/Agilent 53131A/53132A counters? Thanks.

    Jim Robbins
    N1JR

    • Hi Marcin, I am no expert in RF. The design looks workable from what I can tell but do you not need a series resistance for the MMIC’s, I would have thought you need to set up the DC bias conditions with some resistance, even if you need to bypass the resistance for AC to let the inductors do their job. Other than that, PCB layout is going to be critical – I suspect that normal FR4 material will not be good enough either. Good luck with building this, I will be interested in seeing the result. Gerry

  19. Hi Gerry
    The external resistor to the DC-bias is not required. At least I think so with datascheet.
    http://www.farnell.com/datasheets/622195.pdf
    As written on page 6
    “The VMMK-2503 is normally biased with a positive drain supply connected to the output pin through an external bias-tee and with bypass capacitors as shown in Figure 19. The recommended drain supply voltage is 5 V and the corresponding drain current is approximately 65mA. The input of the VMMK-2503 is AC coupled and a DC-blocking capacitor is not required. Aspects of the amplifier performance may be improved over a narrower bandwidth by application of additional conjugate, linearity, or low noise (Γopt) matching.”
    Of course you can use an external power stabilizer, but I think that for the +5 V supply voltage should current not exceed 70 mA . (I hope so :) )
    Of course, you should use a PCB laminate: teflon or ceramic …

  20. question
    in my HP does not have holes for this option :) I do not know why?
    Can you give me the dimensions and size of the holes in the PCB for assembly? I want to PCBs is consistent with the specification :)
    So I do not have these important dimensions

    Thank you

  21. Hi Gerry,

    You made a very nice design of DIY HP/Agilent 53131A 010 High Stability Timebase Option!

    Could you sell me a PCB for this project?

    Thanks and regards,

    Miklos

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